James Graham Ballard 15 November — 19 April  was an English novelist, short story writer, satirist, and essayist who first became associated with the New Wave of science fiction for his post-apocalyptic novels such as The Drowned World In the late s, he produced a variety of experimental short stories or "condensed novels" , such as those collected in the controversial The Atrocity Exhibition In the mid s, Ballard published several novels, among them the highly controversial Crash , a story about symphorophilia and car crash fetishism , and High-Rise , a depiction of a luxury apartment building's descent into violent chaos. While much of Ballard's fiction would prove thematically and stylistically provocative,  he became best known for his relatively conventional war novel, Empire of the Sun , a semi-autobiographical account of a young British boy's experiences in Shanghai during Japanese occupation.
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Beyond that, it is a much-contested concept that comes up in a number of different arenas. This folk concept of autonomy blurs the distinctions that philosophers draw among personal autonomy, moral autonomy , and political autonomy. Moral autonomy, usually traced back to Kant, is the capacity to deliberate and to give oneself the moral law, rather than merely heeding the injunctions of others. Another distinction that can be made is between autonomy as a bare capacity to make decisions and of autonomy as an ideal.
Questions central to the philosophical discussion of lying to others and other-deception interpersonal deceiving may be divided into two kinds. Questions of the first kind are definitional or conceptual. They include the questions of how lying is to be defined, how deceiving is to be defined, and whether lying is always a form of deceiving. Questions of the second kind are normative — more particularly, moral. They include the questions of whether lying and deceiving are either defeasibly or non-defeasibly morally wrong, whether lying is morally worse than deceiving, and whether, if lying and deception are defeasibly morally wrong, they are merely morally optional on certain occasions, or are sometimes morally obligatory.
Wilfrid Stalker Sellars —89 was a systematic, original, and profound American philosopher. His father was a significant philosopher in his own right, a professor at the University of Michigan and a founder of American Critical Realism. Following his graduation in , the family returned to Paris. For a partial account of their philosophical connections, see F.