The first is the task of reviewing the literature — i. The second is the actual chapter that you write up in your dissertation, thesis or research project. The second step of the literature review is to write the actual literature review chapter this is usually the second chapter in a typical dissertation or thesis structure. This chapter should provide a smooth-flowing discussion of what research has already been done, what is known, what is unknown and what is contested in relation to your research topic. So, you can think of it as an integrated review of the state of knowledge around your research topic. The literature review chapter has a few important functions within your dissertation, thesis or research project.
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A Literature Review is a systematic and comprehensive analysis of books, scholarly articles, and other sources relevant to a specific topic providing a base of knowledge on a topic. Literature reviews are designed to identify and critique the existing literature on a topic to justify your research by exposing gaps in current research. This investigation should provide a description, summary, and critical evaluation of works related to the research problem and should also add to the overall knowledge of the topic as well as demonstrating how your research will fit within a larger field of study. A literature review should offer a critical analysis of the current research on a topic and that analysis should direct your research objective. This should not be confused with a book review or an annotated bibliography both research tools but very different in purpose and scope.
Literature Reviews: Introduction
You can report issue about the content on this page here Want to share your content on R-bloggers? Literature reviews are the cornerstone of science. Keeping abreast of developments within any given field of enquiry has become increasingly difficult given the enormous amounts of new research. Databases and search technology have made finding relevant literature easy but, keeping a coherent overview of the discourse within a field of enquiry is an ever more encompassing task. Scholars have proposed many approaches to analysing literature, which can be placed along a continuum from traditional narrative methods to systematic analytic syntheses of text using machine learning.
A literature review is a "comprehensive study and interpretation of literature that addresses a specific topic" Aveyard, The current status of the knowledge or research about a topic, question or experienceA literature review is an opportunity to tell your story by carving a space for your topic and research question in relation to previous studies. In reporting your critical perspective on the relevant literature and identifying a gap that your research will attempt to address, it situates and establishes the importance of your topic or question within the broader academic community in your discipline or field of study:.