To browse Academia. Skip to main content. Log In Sign Up. Download Free PDF. Trauma, dissociation, and disorganized attachment: Three strands of a single braid Psychotherapy, Giuliano Porcellini.
Human Resource Management Theory and Practice 9780805838626
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Our readers may remember, we are doing a series on attachment styles. While no one fits neatly into one category or the other, we all have one that is dominant over the others. Attachment styles form in childhood and impact us for the rest of our lives. That does not mean you cannot change how you respond to the world, but it does mean that whatever attachment style you form when a child lingers as your fallback style all your life. John Bowlby was a psychoanalyst living in Britain who spent his life observing infants. He would separate young children from their mothers and observe how they responded.
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When a child has an ideal attachment , the parent or primary caretaker provides the child with a secure base from which the child can venture out and explore independently but always return to a safe place. When a parent or caregiver is abusive, the child may experience the physical and emotional abuse and scary behavior as being life-threatening. The child is stuck in an awful dilemma: her survival instincts tell her to flee to safety, but safety may be in the very person who is frightening her. In these conditions, children often disassociate from their selves.
A disorganized attachment style can cause a person to feel mixed emotions towards their spouse, which can be confusing if they are not understood in light of the other attachment styles. Today we turn to disorganized attachment, or fearful avoidant attachment, which includes elements of both of these styles. They are both anxious and avoidant so may have a lot of mixed emotions when approaching relationships.