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Hiv aids case study pdf
The French Red Cross is helping to prevent mother to unborn child HIV transmissions vertical transmissions through counselling, screening and medical care at daycare centres in African countries. HIV-positive women are offered free care and treatment. Refugees and displaced people are frequently exposed to sexual violence and rape. National Societies deliver food packages to people living with HIV.
Case study of a patient who has been diagnosed HIV positive
HIV is spread primarily by unprotected sex including anal and oral sex , contaminated blood transfusions , hypodermic needles , and from mother to child during pregnancy , delivery, or breastfeeding. Methods of prevention include safe sex , needle exchange programs , treating those who are infected , as well as both pre- and post-exposure prophylaxis. In , about 38 million people worldwide were living with HIV and , deaths had occurred in that year. HIV made the jump from other primates to humans in west-central Africa in the early-to-mid 20th century.
The study, conducted in one-third of Thai provinces, included a detailed survey of approximately sex workers per province and young males per province. Government STD statistics were drawn from records of outpatient departments of government hospitals plus certain STD clinics. The vast majority of people with HIV are in sub-Saharan Africa, where life expectancy today is just 47 years; without AIDS, it is estimated that life expectancy would be 15 years longer. The number of children who have lost a parent to AIDS is now estimated at 20 million.