Stainless steel is an iron-containing alloy—a substance made up of two or more chemical elements—used in a wide range of applications. It has excellent resistance to stain or rust due to its chromium content, usually from 12 to 20 percent of the alloy. There are more than 57 stainless steels recognized as standard alloys, in addition to many proprietary alloys produced by different stainless steel producers. About , tons of nickel-containing stainless steel is used each year by the food processing industry in North America. It is used in a variety of food handling, storing, cooking, and serving equipment—from the beginning of the food collection process through to the end. Beverages such as milk, wine, beer, soft drinks and fruit juice are processed in stainless steel equipment.
Stainless Steels Essay
Stainless Steel, its types and properties
The role of corrosion pit in the corrosion fatigue crack initiation process of martensitic, ferritic, austenitic, duplex and precipitation-hardening stainless steels is briefly summarized. Finally a couple of future problems to be solved in corrosion fatigue crack initiation are touched on briefly. Corrosion fatigue crack initiation behavior of various kinds of stainless steels is reviewed mainly on the basis of the author's experimental results. The role of corrosion pit in the corrosion fatigue crack initiation process of martensitic,ferritic,austenitic, duplex and precipitation-hardening stainless steels is briefly summarized. Keywords; Stainless steels,corrosion fatigue,crack initiation,corrosion pit,electrochemical noize. Stainless steels are widely used for various kinds of machines, structures and plants.
Most Downloaded Journal of Constructional Steel Research Articles
Stainless steel is not a single material but the name for a family of corrosion resistant steels. Like many scientific discoveries the origins of stainless steel lies in a serendipitous accident. In Sheffield, England, Harry Brearley was investigating the development of new steel alloys for use in gun barrels. The first application of these steels was in cutlery for which Sheffield subsequently became world famous.
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