It is the second-most populous country, the seventh-largest country by land area, and the most populous democracy in the world. Bounded by the Indian Ocean on the south, the Arabian Sea on the southwest, and the Bay of Bengal on the southeast, it shares land borders with Pakistan to the west; [f] China , Nepal , and Bhutan to the north; and Bangladesh and Myanmar to the east. Modern humans arrived on the Indian subcontinent from Africa no later than 55, years ago. In the early medieval era, Christianity , Islam , Judaism , and Zoroastrianism put down roots on India's southern and western coasts.
Republic day essay in bengali language
Republic Day of India 26 January Essay English School Students
The history of independent India began when the country became an independent nation within the British Commonwealth on 15 August Direct administration by the British, which began in , affected a political and economic unification of the subcontinent. When British rule came to an end in , the subcontinent was partitioned along religious lines into two separate countries—India, with a majority of Hindus, and Pakistan, with a majority of Muslims. The partition led to a population transfer of more than 10 million people between India and Pakistan and the death of about one million people. Indian National Congress leader Jawaharlal Nehru became the first Prime Minister of India , but the leader most associated with the independence struggle , Mahatma Gandhi , accepted no office. The Constitution adopted in made India a democratic country, and this democracy has been sustained since then.
Best Speech on Republic Day 2021 for Class 5 to 12 Students
Just three days after Pakistan observes March 23 as the Pakistan Day to mark the anniversary of the adoption of the Lahore Resolution in , Bangladesh observes March 26 as its own Independence Day. The proximity of these two historic dates — March 23 and 26 — highlights the contrasting contexts through which the two countries that once together represented a single entity view them. It was on that day in , when General Yahya Khan, who was the president and the commander-in-chief of Pakistan Army at the time, committed the second catastrophic error of that year by launching Operation Searchlight. The aim of the operation was to crush the non-violent but also violent civil disobedience movement of the Awami League that had begun on March 1 in response to the first catastrophic blunder by the same general; the last-minute postponement of the first session of the newly-elected National Assembly set for March 3. That first error was compounded by the failure to specify a fresh date.
More children and adolescents today are enrolled in pre-primary, primary and secondary education than ever before. Yet, for many of them, schooling does not lead to learning — and this was before COVID shuttered schools and disrupted learning across the globe, creating an urgent need to reimagine education. A lack of trained teachers, inadequate learning materials, makeshift classes and poor sanitation facilities make learning difficult for many children. Others come to school too hungry, sick or exhausted from work or household tasks to benefit from their lessons.