You have often heard it said that the Form of the Good is the greatest thing to learn about, and that it is by their relation to it that just things and [other virtuous things] become useful and beneficial Republic , a. Plato sets himself to answering two questions: What is justice? In the process of answering these questions, he defends a sublime theory of the nature of reality and human knowledge. Few, says Plato, really understand the nature of the Good itself e.
Essay on Plato's Republic
Plato: the Republic (Book 1) Free Essay Example
For them a muthos was a true story, a story that unveils the true origin of the world and human beings. In archaic Greece the memorable was transmitted orally through poetry, which often relied on myth. These two types of discourse were naturalistic alternatives to the poetic accounts of things. Plato broke to some extent from the philosophical tradition of the sixth and fifth centuries in that he uses both traditional myths and myths he invents and gives them some role to play in his philosophical endeavor. He thus seems to attempt to overcome the traditional opposition between muthos and logos. Plato is both a myth teller and a myth maker. More and more scholars have argued in recent years that in Plato myth and philosophy are tightly bound together, in spite of his occasional claim that they are opposed modes of discourse.
Plato's republic book 2 notes
The Republic itself is nothing at the start of Plato 's most famous and influential book. It does not exist. Not only does it not exist in actuality, but it does not exist in theory either. It must be built. It's architect will be Socrates , the fictional persona Plato creates for himself.
The puzzles in Book One prepare for this question, and Glaucon and Adeimantus make it explicit at the beginning of Book Two. To answer the question, Socrates takes a long way around, sketching an account of a good city on the grounds that a good city would be just and that defining justice as a virtue of a city would help to define justice as a virtue of a human being. Socrates is finally close to answering the question after he characterizes justice as a personal virtue at the end of Book Four, but he is interrupted and challenged to defend some of the more controversial features of the good city he has sketched.