Background and purpose: Degenerative changes are commonly found in spine imaging but often occur in pain-free individuals as well as those with back pain. We sought to estimate the prevalence, by age, of common degenerative spine conditions by performing a systematic review studying the prevalence of spine degeneration on imaging in asymptomatic individuals. Materials and methods: We performed a systematic review of articles reporting the prevalence of imaging findings CT or MR imaging in asymptomatic individuals from published English literature through April Two reviewers evaluated each manuscript. We selected age groupings by decade 20, 30, 40, 50, 60, 70, 80 years , determining age-specific prevalence estimates. For each imaging finding, we fit a generalized linear mixed-effects model for the age-specific prevalence estimate clustering in the study, adjusting for the midpoint of the reported age interval.
Systematic desensitization | definition of systematic desensitization by Medical dictionary
By Dr. Saul McLeod , updated Systematic desensitization is a type of behavioral therapy based on the principle of classical conditioning. It was developed by Wolpe during the s. This therapy aims to remove the fear response of a phobia, and substitute a relaxation response to the conditional stimulus gradually using counterconditioning.
Systematic literature review of imaging features of spinal degeneration in asymptomatic populations
As the name suggests, it involves exposing yourself to the objects or situations that scare you. Prior to that, I was such a phobic. If I can get around this, anyone can so let me tell you how I did it. Exposure therapy usually involves facing your fears in a planned and structured way with the help of a therapist.
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