Trotskyism is the political ideology and branch of Marxism developed by Russian revolutionary Leon Trotsky and by some other members of Left Opposition and IV International. He supported founding a vanguard party of the proletariat , proletarian internationalism and a dictatorship of the proletariat based on working class self-emancipation and mass democracy. Trotskyists are critical of Stalinism as they oppose Joseph Stalin 's theory of socialism in one country in favor of Trotsky's theory of permanent revolution. Trotskyists also criticize the bureaucracy that developed in the Soviet Union under Stalin. Vladimir Lenin and Trotsky were close personally despite their ideological disputes before and during the WWI, the wife of Lenin was a Trotskyist after the death of Lenin.
Success of Bolsheviks in Russian Revolution, 1917
The Causes of the Russian Revolution in March | Help Me
Nikolay Milyutin elaborated the idea of the zemstva, and the first zemstvo laws went into effect in After the October Revolution the zemstvo system was shut down by the Bolsheviks and replaced with a multilevel system of workers' and peasants' councils " soviets ". The system of local self-government in the Russian Empire was represented at the lowest level by the mir and the volost and was continued, so far as the 34 Guberniyas governorates of old Russia were concerned, in the elective district and provincial assemblies zemstvo. The goal of the zemstvo reform was the creation of local organs of self-government on an elected basis, possessing sufficient authority and independence to resolve local economic problems. Alexander II instituted these bodies, one for each district and another for each province or government, in They consisted of a representative council zemskoye sobranye and of an executive board zemskaya uprava nominated by the former.
The Causes of the Russian Revolution in March 1917
Syndicalism is a current in the labor movement to establish local, worker-based organizations and advance the demands and rights of workers through strikes. Most active in the early 20th century, syndicalism was predominant in the revolutionary left in the decade which preceded the outbreak of World War I because orthodox Marxism was mostly reformist at that time, according to the Marxist historian Eric Hobsbawm. Although they did not regard themselves as syndicalists, the Industrial Workers of the World , the Irish Transport and General Workers' Union and the Canadian One Big Union are considered by most historians to belong to this current.
Vladimir Lenin was a Russian communist revolutionary and head of the Bolshevik Party who rose to prominence during the Russian Revolution of , one of the most explosive political events of the twentieth century. The bloody upheaval marked the end of the oppressive Romanov dynasty and centuries of imperial rule in Russia. The son of Ilya Ulyanov and Maria Alexandrovna Ulyanova, he was the third of six siblings in an educated family and would go on to become first in his class in high school. But it was exactly their educational background that made the family a target of the government; his father, an inspector of schools, was threatened with early retirement by officials wary of public education. As a teenager, Lenin became politically radicalized after his older brother was executed in for plotting to assassinate Czar Alexander III.