The Edwards Aquifer is one of the most prolific artesian aquifers in the world. Located on the eastern edge of the Edwards Plateau in the U. Additionally, the Edwards Aquifer feeds the Comal and San Marcos springs , provides springflow for recreational and downstream uses in the Nueces , San Antonio , Guadalupe , and San Marcos river basins, and is home to several unique and endangered species. Located in South Central Texas, the Edwards Aquifer encompasses an area of approximately 4, square miles 11, km 2 that extends into parts of 11 counties. The total area of the aquifer forms roughly the shape of a slight upward curve and approximately measures miles east to west at its furthermost boundaries and 80 miles north to south at its widest section.
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Aquifer, Classification and Characterization
Writing a Literature Review // Purdue Writing Lab
Hydrogeology hydro- meaning water, and -geology meaning the study of the Earth is the area of geology that deals with the distribution and movement of groundwater in the soil and rocks of the Earth's crust commonly in aquifers. The terms groundwater hydrology , geohydrology , and hydrogeology are often used interchangeably. Groundwater engineering, another name for hydrogeology, is a branch of engineering which is concerned with groundwater movement and design of wells, pumps, and drains. Wells are constructed for use in developing nations, as well as for use in developed nations in places which are not connected to a city water system. Wells must be designed and maintained to uphold the integrity of the aquifer, and to prevent contaminants from reaching the groundwater.
Aquifer Recharge Literature Review
Recent progress in coupled surface—ground water models and their potential in watershed hydro-biogeochemical studies: A review Watershed Ecology and the Environment. A coupled human—natural system analysis of freshwater security under climate and population change Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. The action of tectonic and lithological parameters in the water balance of the Roodak Basin Journal of Hydrogeomorphology. Evaluation of the efficiency of SWAT model in estimating daily discharges of no gauge basins with zoning approach in arid regions Journal of Hydrogeomorphology. Evaluation of agricultural water productivity for rice crop at the basin scale based on actual evapotranspiration in the Sefidrood Basin Journal of Geographic Space.
Food and forage production will decline in regions experiencing increased frequency and duration of drought. Shifting precipitation patterns, when associated with high temperatures, will intensify wildfires that reduce forage on rangelands, accelerate the depletion of water supplies for irrigation, and expand the distribution and incidence of pests and diseases for crops and livestock. Modern breeding approaches and the use of novel genes from crop wild relatives are being employed to develop higher-yielding, stress-tolerant crops. The degradation of critical soil and water resources will expand as extreme precipitation events increase across our agricultural landscape.