A direct quotation reproduces words verbatim from another work or from your own previously published work. It is best to paraphrase sources rather than directly quoting them because paraphrasing allows you to fit material to the context of your paper and writing style. Instructors, programs, editors, and publishers may establish limits on the use of direct quotations. Consult your instructor or editor if you are concerned that you may have too much quoted material in your paper. Quotations are covered in Section 8. This guidance has been expanded from the 6th edition.
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Referencing in an essay shows readers where the words of another author have been used. Citing quotes in essays reinforces writers' arguments, adds weight to discussion and introduces interesting new concepts. It is important to correctly reference any ideas that are drawn from others to avoid plagiarism, whether they are direct quotes or reworded concepts. The Harvard referencing system is very commonly used. It ensures that referencing is done properly so that writers can show they are not using other authors' ideas as their own. Write the quote within quotation marks. If you are quoting someone else, you must write it correctly word for word.
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Quotes in literary essays serve as textual evidence used to strengthen your interpretation of the text. When inserted correctly, quotes support your arguments and bring the necessary background to your writing. However, when used incorrectly, quotations can only bring mess in your essay and ruin your arguments. This guide will help you understand how to quote effectively.
Last Updated: October 8, References. This article was co-authored by Michelle Golden, PhD. Michelle Golden is an English teacher in Athens, Georgia.